A dental implant is an artificial tooth root placed into your jaw to hold a replacement tooth or bridge. Dental tooth implants are an ideal option for people in good general oral health who have lost a tooth or teeth due to periodontal disease, an injury, or some other reason.
These are made of titanium, used to support restorations that resemble a tooth or group of teeth to replace missing teeth. The use of dental implants permits unidirectional tooth movement without reciprocal action. For dental implant procedure to work, there must be enough bone in the jaw, and the bone has to be strong enough to hold and support the implant. Dental implants treatment is actually more tooth-saving than traditional bridgework, since implants do not rely on neighbouring teeth for support. Dental implants are so natural-looking and you may forget you ever lost a tooth. Dental implants are teeth that can look and feel just like your own! Under proper conditions, such as proper placement and diligent patient maintenance, implants can last a lifetime.
Types of Dental Implants
Most of the dental implants are made up of titanium, which is very effective at fusing with the living bone.
There are three main types of titanium dental implants:
Root from implants: These are closest in shape and size with the natural tooth. This is the most commonly used cosmetic dental implant and is used where there is plenty of width and depth to your jawbone.
Plate form implants: These are used when your jaw bone is very narrow and cannot place root form implants.
Subperiosteal implants: These are preferred of choice when there is an absence of enough jaw width and height to go for other 2 implants types.
Other 2 types of advanced dental implants are Mini dental implants and Immediate load implants. Mini dental implants are cheap dental implants when compared to other traditional implants. Immediate dental implants are the one which is placing soon after the tooth removal and it helps in cutting down the healing time.
Advantages of Dental Implants
- Dental implants are a better solution to the problem of missing teeth.
- Dental implants look and feel like your own teeth! Since dental implants integrate into the structure of your bone, they prevent the bone loss and gum recession that often accompany bridgework and dentures.
- Dental implants don’t sacrifice the quality of your adjacent teeth like a bridge does because neighbouring teeth are not altered to support the implant.
- Dental implants will allow you to once again speak and eat with comfort and confidence.
- The success rate of dental implants is highly predictable. They are considered as an excellent option for tooth replacement.
The ideal candidate for a dental implant is the one who is free from periodontal diseases and who has healthy gum tissues. In our clinic, we will help you to determine where and how your implant should be placed. Depending on your specific condition and the type of implant chosen, we will create a treatment plan tailored to meet your needs. If you are missing a single tooth, one implant and a crown can replace it. A dental implant replaces both the lost natural tooth and its root. If you are missing several teeth, implant-supported bridges can replace them. Dental implants will replace both your lost natural teeth and some of the roots. If you are missing all of your teeth, an implant-supported full bridge or full denture can replace them. A key to implant success is the quantity and quality of the bone where the implant is to be placed. Deformities in the upper or lower jaw can leave you with inadequate bone in which to place dental implants. To correct the problem, the gum is lifted away from the ridge to expose the bony defect. The defect is then filled with bone or bone substitute to build up the ridge.
In the basic procedure, the placement of an implant requires a preparation into the bone using either hand osteotomes or precision drills with regulated speed to prevent burning or pressure necrosis of the bone. The amount of time required to place an implant will vary depending on the experience of the practitioner, the quality and quantity of the bone and the difficulty of the individual situation. Consequently the amount of time that practitioners allow the implant to heal before placing a restoration on it varies widely. In general, practitioners allow 2–6 months for healing but preliminary studies show that early loading of implant may not increase early or long term complications. If the implant is loaded too soon, it is possible that the implant may move which results in failure.
Dental implant success is related to operator skill, quality and quantity of the bone available at the site, and the patient’s oral hygiene. The consensus is that implants carry a success rate of around 75%. One of the most important factors that determine implant success is the achievement and maintenance of implant stability.
A dental implant is considered to be a failure if it is lost, mobile or shows peri-implant (around the implant) bone loss of greater than 1.0 mm in the first year and greater than 0.2 mm a year after. Risk of failure is increased in smokers. For this reason implants are frequently placed only after a patient has stopped smoking. At our clinic doctors will help you in figuring out the cost of dental implants which is suitable for your teeth.
Can everyone go for a dental implant?
The only condition to get a dental implant done is a good jaw height and width. You should quit smoking also.