Jaw Deformity Correction

P.S.A.Varadarajan Dental Clinic at Salem provides individuals from around the world access to needed services for the correction of various deformities of the jaws. A Jaw deformity can lead to problems with speaking, chewing, swallowing and breathing. The condition also may cause undue stress on your temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and facial muscles, affecting the long-term health of your gums and teeth. Jaw deformities also may cause pain, degeneration and jaw clicking.

In addition, improper alignment of your jaws and teeth may affect the entire appearance of your face. Correcting your jaw deformity may greatly improve your facial aesthetic. Some of the aesthetic problems associated with the Jaw deformity are improper alignment of teeth, gummy smile (upper jaw grown far down), toothless smile (upper jaw is too small) and long looking face.

Diagnosis

As a part of the initial evaluation, your oral or maxillofacial surgeon may take facial measurements, photographs, x-rays and dental impressions (models of the teeth). He or she may also check the functional problem and abnormalities related to the jaw and teeth.

Treatment

Jaw deformities caused by unequal jaw growth can be surgically corrected. Treating your jaw deformity will eliminate or greatly reduce any problems related to your condition, such as chewing, breathing and speaking difficulties, as well as restore the aesthetic balance of your entire face. The combination of orthodontic treatment and orthognathic maxillofacial surgery will move your teeth and jaws into an improved position that is more balanced, functional and healthy.


The orthognathic jaw surgery or orthognathic surgery is normally a simple surgery that might take a couple of hours. General Anaesthesia will be required and the surgery is normally performed in hospitalised setup. A few weeks before the orthognathic jaw surgery, the orthodontics dentist or orthodontist will place some braces and hooks on the patient’s teeth. Also teeth that might not form part of the alignment or the post surgery result will be removed. These hooks and braces will help to keep the teeth in proper position during the orthognathic jaw surgery.

You should be able to bite, breathe and speak better and your facial appearance will be enhanced in the process. Malformations of the jaws and face can be traced to trauma, disease, or heredity. By repositioning the jaw, the surgeon can help you avoid future problems with your jaw over bite and provide a better cosmetic appearance. Besides growth differences between your upper and lower jaws, jaw deformities may be caused by genetic factors, trauma and certain birth defects, such as cleft lip and cleft palate.

This corrective jaw surgery involves moving all or part of the upper or lower jaw, or both, into a more balanced position. The majority of the surgery is performed inside the mouth without any external scarring. Although the goal of this surgery is to improve your bite and function, some patients also experience enhancements to their appearance and speech. The results of corrective jaw surgery can have a dramatic and positive effect on many aspects of your life including self confidence. Surgery may require between 2 to 5 hours, the orthodontic treatment may extend over one to two years. A hospital stay and recovery period may be necessary for some of the surgeries, while minor procedures can be performed on a same-day basis. In severe cases a 3-10 days of hospitalization is required. Some post surgery care is required to follow for the better result. They should take care of their diet which should be in semi-liquid form for a few days and then gradually should move towards hard diet and they should also reduce their physical activity for a few weeks. The entire surgery is performed within the mouth by our maxillofacial surgeon hence there are no facial surgical incisions made and no facial scars left.