One of the most common maxillofacial surgeries done in our country is a Jaw fracture correction. A broken jaw (Maxilla/Mandibular fracture) is a common facial injury. It is a break in the jaw bone caused by accidents or any other injuries. A broken jaw is the tenth most common fractured bone in the human body. A dislocated jaw means the lower part of the jaw has moved out of its normal position at one or both joints where the jaw bone connects to the skull (temporomandibular joints).
The most common cause of a broken or dislocated jaw is injury to the face like Motor vehicle accidents, sports injuries, assaults, falls, industrial accidents etc.Jaw Fracture
Some of the common symptoms of a fractured jaw are:
- Jaw stiffness
- Facial bruising and swelling
- Bleeding from the mouth
- Difficulty opening the mouth widely
- Jaw tenderness or pain, worse with biting or chewing
- Loose or damaged teeth
- Numbness of the face (particularly the lower lip) and chin
- The most common symptom is jaw pain.
- Abnormal teeth fitting
Jaw fracture Treatment
Medical treatment: Some people with jaw pain may not have a jaw fracture and these can be treated with pain medications and home remedies.
Surgical treatment: Many mandible fractures are stable and the treatment required is wiring the upper and lower teeth together. This is performed at our clinic by our maxillofacial surgeon. Unstable fracture requires surgery which is done by a maxillofacial surgeon. During corrective jaw surgery, plates will be placed across the fracture which helps in normal motion of the jaw. It helps to resume the normal functioning of jaws like chewing swallowing as soon as possible, minimizing discomfort to the patient. Maximum care is taken to reduce the scar on face.
The pain after the jaw correction surgery can be reduced by taking pain medications. If the jaw is wired, you can only drink liquids or eat very soft foods. After a few weeks, you will be back in business, with a completely treated jaw, and with a good self confidence and self esteem. We are using the mini plate technique method in our clinic for the jaw fracture correction and it eliminates the chance of having facial scars.