An oral tumour is an abnormal growth of cells in the mouth and on the face. A tumour can be benign, pre-malignant or malignant. Malignant tumours are called as cancer. Like in any other part of the body, the problem of facial and oral tumours and cancers is indeed a serious one. The signs and symptoms of these conditions are numerous and occasionally subtle. At P.S.A.Varadarajan dental Clinic, during your routine examination, we always check for oral and facial tumours and cancers, even if symptoms are not noticed or present. This will help you in early detection of the tumours and to get the treatment done on time.
Any cysts, tumours or other growths in the mouth, either in the soft tissues or in the jaws, must be examined by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. In our Dental clinic surgeon will do a biopsy that can determine what kind of cyst or tumour you have. While most such growths are not painful and very often not medically dangerous, they can interfere with normal bone or tissue structure, and can even change the alignment of the teeth. Also, even though a biopsy indicates they are not cancerous, benign cysts or tumours can occasionally become cancerous if they are left to continue to grow. As we all know prevention is better than cure, it is important to get the help of a surgeon to remove the tumours as early as possible, before it is getting spread to cancerous.
Types of Oral and Facial Tumours
They are non cancerous and rarely life threatening. They can be removed and usually do not grow back. Cells from the benign tumours do not invade the tissues around them and do not spread to other parts of the body.
They are cancerous tumours and more serious and life threatening than benign tumours. Malignant tumours often can be removed, but sometimes they grow back. Cells from malignant tumours can invade and damage nearby tissues and organs.
Benign Cysts and Tumours of Oral Soft Tissues:
Many types of cysts can develop in the gingival (gums) and other soft tissues of the mouth. A common kind of soft tissue cyst is called a Periapical cyst, or a radicular cyst. They are caused by an infection at the pulp of the tooth that leads to inflammation of nearby tissue. They usually develop just below or near an infected tooth. Usually, they go away after root canal treatment in the tooth involved. If not, they may need to be surgically removed, as there is a small chance of malignant cells forming in them.
Benign Cysts and tumours of the Jaws:
Cysts and tumours of the jaws can develop around impacted teeth, or in the jaw bone underlying the teeth. One kind of bone cyst found in young adults, the simple bone cyst, often resolves by itself when it is manipulated with surgical instruments. Some may require surgical removal. Removal may involve cutting the area of the bone in which the cyst is located, and sometimes requires replacing the bone tissue with a small bone graft.
Symptoms of oral and facial tumors
- Patches inside your mouth or on your lips that are white, a mixture of red and white, or red.
- A sore on your lip or in your mouth that won’t heal
- Bleeding in your mouth
- Loose teeth
- Difficulty when swallowing
- Difficulty wearing dentures
- Lump in the neck
- Ear ache
Tumor removal and reconstruction
Treatment or removal of a benign cyst or tumor depends on its type and its size. In many cases, the surgeon will advise removing a benign cyst or tumor by surgical methods. The main aim of the surgery is to remove the cancer affected cells and control the spread of the disease to surrounding tissues and organs. Tumor removal surgery and tumor reconstruction usually consists initially of a biopsy to determine the nature of the lesion. Tumor surgery in the mouth or face is usually done by an maxillofacial surgeon. Sometimes the surgeon also removes lymph nodes in the neck and other tissues in the mouth and neck. Surgery along with the radiation therapy is also performed in many cases.
At P.S.A.Varadarajan Clinic, our ultimate goal is always the restoration of functional teeth(chewing, eating and speech) and the cosmetic correction of any defects resulting from removal of the tumor. We will do everything possible to help get you back to a healthy and happy life.