Wisdom teeth are the third and final set of molars that most people get in their late teens or early twenties. Sometimes these teeth can be a valuable asset to the mouth when healthy and properly aligned. Most adults have four wisdom teeth, two on each side of the jaws. Yet, about ten percent of the people in the world do not develop wisdom teeth in their lifetime and hence may not know or experience the rather painful process. These last formed molars in the rear end of the jaw are associated with coming of age or attaining maturity and thus got the name “wisdom” tooth. The function of wisdom teeth is the same as other molars in your jaw. They are very useful for chewing, grinding, shredding and grinding when they are formed properly.
Removing wisdom teeth is a common practice and routine procedure across the world. They are usually extracted when they have become impacted, that is when they are angled or not completely formed, or if they pose to be problematic if not removed. Another reason for extracting wisdom teeth is the fact that they rub against the cheek and tongue increasing pain symptoms. Malocclusion (due to overcrowding of teeth in the jaw) is also commonly caused when the wisdom teeth erupt. An oral and maxillofacial surgeon or a dentist can remove (extract) wisdom tooth.
Symptoms of Wisdom Tooth Complications
- Pain from the wisdom tooth and irritation in the rear end of the mouth
- Pain due to the broken tooth rubbing against cheek, tongue and other parts of mouth.
- Infected swelling of the gum near the site of emergence of wisdom tooth.
Wisdom tooth removal procedure
Before your wisdom teeth are pulled, the teeth and the surrounding tissue will be numbed with a local anaesthetic. In case of infections in the gum, the surgery may be delayed until it is healed with antibiotics. A general anaesthetic prevents pain in the whole body and will cause you to sleep through the procedure.
To remove the wisdom tooth, your dentist will open up the gum tissue over the tooth and take out any bone that is covering the tooth. He or she will separate the tissue connecting the tooth to the bone and then remove the tooth. Sometimes the dentist will cut the tooth into smaller pieces to make it easier to remove. After the tooth is removed, you may need stitches. Some stitches dissolve over time and some have to be removed after a few days.
Usually after wisdom tooth extraction, recovery may take only few days. Ice packs or anything frozen will help reduce the swelling. Recovery from wisdom tooth surgery is depending upon the dental care and hygiene you are following. Keep an ice on your face for as long as you can and as many times as you can in a day. This can help in reducing the wisdom tooth extraction pain. You can also take anti-inflammatory medicine for the pain. You need to take rest after the surgery. Do not involve in physical activities and do not lie flat. These can lead to heavy bleeding. You should be careful to take soft foods and drinks during the recovery period and it is important to avoid using a straw to suck the fluids. Second day onwards you can gently rinse the mouth with warm water which will help to reduce the pain and swelling. You should avoid smoking at least for 24hours. Brush your teeth and keep your mouth properly cleaned.
Possible Complications of Wisdom teeth Removal
Two possible complications are dry socket and paresthesia.
Dry socket: wisdom tooth socket can be happen when a blood clot has failed to form in the extracted tooth socket or else when the blood clot that did form has been dislodged. This can delay the healing also. This can occur 3-4 days after the extraction. It will lead to pain and bad odour in the mouth. Oral surgeon will treat this condition by placing a medication in the socket. It is recommended for woman to schedule their surgery at the end of their menstrual cycle (between 23rd to 28th day of the cycle). There is less chance of a dry socket during this period.
Paresthesia: This is a very rare complication happens when the nerve is damaged during the extraction procedure. This can result in the numbness of the tongue, lip or chin for many days, weeks, months or lifelong.
Other complications are infections and pain in the mouth. But the overall chance of complications is less than 2% (2 in 100 people). The risk is slightly higher if you have wisdom teeth removed from the lower jaw than from the upper jaw.
Wisdom tooth cost or cost of wisdom tooth removal can be vary depend upon the number of teeth to be extracted and health of the patient also. Our experienced oral surgeon is offering the high quality wisdom teeth removal treatment in a cheap cost at P.S.A.Varadarajan Dental Clinic.